(or other biometric devices)
This is a collection concerning
or links to papers describing different means used to gain
acceptance to biometric fingerprint readers using artificial
fingers or other methods which are able to deceive fingerprint
readers (and other biometric devices). The authors give their
opinions of numerous biometric devices and of the security (or
lack thereof) of these readers.
Willis, M Lee, "Biometrics Under Our Thumb", Network
Computing, June 1, 1998.
van der Putte, Jeroen Keuning
fingerprint recognition don't get your fingers burned
- Martin Kákona,
January 2001, Biometrics:
yes or no?
- Ing. Martin Kákona,
of Biometric Method
Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Matsumoto, Koji Yamada, Satoshi Hoshino
- Impact of Artificial
"Gummy" Fingers on Fingerprint Systems and
- Importance of Open Discussion on Adversarial Analyses for
Mobile Security Technologies - A Case Study for User
Endo, Masashi Hirabayashi, Tsutomu Matsumoto (Part 2)
We Make Artificial Fingers That Fool Fingerprint Systems?
Schneier, Crypto-Gram Newsletter (May 15, 2002)
with fingerprint readers.
and Conductive Silicone Rubber Fingers Importance of
Thalheim, Jan Krissler, Peter-Michael Ziegler
Biometric Access Protection Devices and their Programs Put to
of Fingerprint Readers: Environmental factors, Human Factors,
& Liveness detecting capability
van der Putte
fingerprints as easy as 1,2,3?
of biometric security systems against artificial fingers. (thesis)
Hackers Claim New
Fingerprint Biometric Attack, SecurityFocus Aug 13 2003
Putty defeats Biometric Fingerprint Scanners
U.are.U Personal fingerprint scanner
The risk of
masquerade arising from the storage of biometrics
Follies and the Superman/Clark Kent Biometric Conundrum
van der Putte,
Hacking Fingerprint Readers, in November 2003 Issue of Crypto
A. C. Schuckers, Ph.D.
and Anti-Spoofing Measures
Schuckers, PhD, Larry Hornak, PhD, Tim Norman, PhD, Reza
for Liveness Detection in Biometrics
False match blow for iris scan vendor, Biometric Technology
Today, Nov/Dec 2002, p. 1-2.
Geradts, Arnout Ruifrok,
evidence from biometric devices
Spoofing claims sting industry, Biometric Technology Today,
June 2002, p.1-12
Bicz, OPTEL 02.12.2003
Impossibility of Faking Optel's Ultrasonic Fingerprint
(Features: Inherent "Liveness" Detection &
Thalheim Jan Krissler
pages (mostly in German)
Multispectral Sensor for Fingerprint Spoof Detection (Lumidigm)
Detection in Biometric Systems
Investigation Into the Vulnerability of the Siemens ID Mouse
Professional Version 4
und Sicherheit (in German) Siemens AG - Bereich ICM Biometrics
Derakhshani, S. Schuckers, L. Hornak, L. O’Gorman
of Vitality From A Non Invasive Biomedical Measurement for Use
in Fingerprint Scanners” Pattern Recognition, vol.
17, no. 2, 2003.
- Andy Adler
sample images be regenerated from biometric templates?
Detection in Fingerprint Recognition Systems Examensarbete
utfort i Informationsteori
vid Linkopings tekniska hogskola av Marie Sandstrom Reg nr:
NEWS | Asia-Pacific | Malaysia car thieves steal finger
- The Biomedical
Signal Analysis Laboratory, joint at Clarkson University and
West Virginia University, Research with the goal: "Liveness
detection in biometric devices"
- Chaos Computer
Club - Wie
können Fingerabdrücke nachgebildet werden?
Finger and Paper Iris: An Update
World - Products for the Paranoid
A. Nixon, Robert K. Rowe , Multispectral fingerprint imaging
for spoof detection, Proc. SPIE Vol. 5779, p. 214-225,
Biometric Technology for Human Identification II; Anil K. Jain,
Nalini K. Ratha; Eds.
- Antti Stén,
Antti Kaseva, Teemupekka Virtanen - Fooling
Fingerprint Scanners - Biometric Vulnerabilities of the
Precise Biometrics 100 SC Scanner
Center for Unified Biometrics and Sensors (CUBS) University of
Buffalo - Liveness detection (Project)
Katen, & S.J. Elliott, Ph. D: A Statistical Analysis of
Image Quality on Live, Generated, and Fake Fingers
- A. Ross, J.
Shah, and A. K. Jain, "Towards
Reconstructing Fingerprints from Minutiae Points",
Proc. of SPIE Conference on Biometric Technology for Human
Identification II, (Orlando, USA), pp. 68-80, March 2005.
- D. Baldisserra,
A. Franco, D. Maio and D. Maltoni, "Fake Fingerprint
Detection by Odor Analysis", to appear on proceedings
International Conference on Biometric Authentication (ICBA06),
Hong Kong, January 2006.
- A. Antonelli,
R. Cappelli, D. Maio and D. Maltoni, "A new approach to
fake finger detection based on skin distortion", to
appear on proceedings International Conference on Biometric
Authentication (ICBA06), Hong Kong, January 2006.
- Attacks on
Biometric Systems: A
Case Study in Fingerprints Umut Uludag*, Anil K. Jain*
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Michigan State
University, East Lansing, MI, USA 48824
crack face recognition puzzle
face recognition keep airports safe?
Valencia, Chapter 8, "Biometric Liveness Testing,"
in Biometrics, editors: John D. Woodward, Jr., Nicholas M.
Orlans, Peter T. Higgins, Osborne McGraw Hill, New York, 2002.
Human verification by heart beat signals
- L Biel, O
Pettersson, L Philipson, P Wide, "ECG analysis: A new
approach in human identification," IEEE Transactions on
Instrumentation and Measurement, v 50, n 3, June , 2001, p
- D Osten, HM
Carim, MR Arneson, BL Blan, "Biometric, Personal
Authentication System", Minnesota Mining and
Manufacturing Company, US Patent #5,719,950, February 17,
- P Lapsley, JA
Less, DF Pare, Jr., N Hoffman, "Anti-Fraud Biometric
Sensor that Accurately Detects Blood Flow", SmartTouch,
LLC, US Patent #5,737,439, April 7, 1998
- Kallo, I Kiss,
A Podmaniczky, J Talosi, "Detector for recognizing the
living character of a finger in a fingerprint recognizing
apparatus", Dermo Corporation, Ltd. US Patent #6,175,64,
- CC Broun, X
Zhang, RM Mersereau and MA Clements, "Automatic
Speechreading with Application to Speaker Verification,"
Proceedings of ICASSP, May 13-17 2002, Orlando, FL, p
I am trying to keep this page as comprehensive as possible - If
somebody has information about links or papers, that I haven't
found, please contact me, I
will add this information to this page. If somebody has additional
comments, I am very interested in receiving them.