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 Research & Development / Ultrasonic Technology / Fingerprint recognition


Faking fingerprint readers
(or other biometric devices)

Wiesław Bicz

This is a collection concerning or links to papers describing different means used to gain acceptance to biometric fingerprint readers using artificial fingers or other methods which are able to deceive fingerprint readers (and other biometric devices). The authors give their opinions of numerous biometric devices and of the security (or lack thereof) of these readers. 

  1. D Willis, M Lee, "Biometrics Under Our Thumb", Network Computing, June 1, 1998.
  2. Ton van der Putte, Jeroen Keuning 
    Biometrical fingerprint recognition don't get your fingers burned 
  3. Martin Kákona, January 2001, Biometrics: yes or no?
  4. Ing. Martin Kákona, Drawbacks of Biometric Method
  5. Tsutomu Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Matsumoto, Koji Yamada, Satoshi Hoshino 
    - Impact of Artificial "Gummy" Fingers on Fingerprint Systems and
    - Importance of Open Discussion on Adversarial Analyses for Mobile Security Technologies - A Case Study for User Identification
  6. Yukiko Endo, Masashi Hirabayashi, Tsutomu Matsumoto (Part 2)
    Can We Make Artificial Fingers That Fool Fingerprint Systems?
  7. Bruce Schneier, Crypto-Gram Newsletter (May 15, 2002)
    Fun with fingerprint readers.
  8. Tsutomu Matsumoto, 
    Gummy and Conductive Silicone Rubber Fingers Importance of Vulnerability Analysis
  9. Lisa Thalheim, Jan Krissler, Peter-Michael Ziegler
    Body Check Biometric Access Protection Devices and their Programs Put to the Test
  10. Hale Kim
    Evaluation of Fingerprint Readers: Environmental factors, Human Factors, & Liveness detecting capability
  11. Ton van der Putte
    Spoofing fingerprints as easy as 1,2,3?
  12. Johan Blommé
    Evaluation of biometric security systems against artificial fingers. (thesis)
  13. Ann Harrison
    Hackers Claim New Fingerprint Biometric Attack, SecurityFocus Aug 13 2003
  14. Thinking Putty defeats Biometric Fingerprint Scanners
  15. DigitalPersona U.are.U Personal fingerprint scanner
  16. Chris Hill
    The risk of masquerade arising from the storage of biometrics
  17. Ernest Miller
    Fingerprint Follies and the Superman/Clark Kent Biometric Conundrum
  18. Ton van der Putte, 
    Comment Hacking Fingerprint Readers, in November 2003 Issue of Crypto Gram Newsletter.
  19. Stephanie A. C. Schuckers, Ph.D.
    Spoofing and Anti-Spoofing Measures
  20. Stephanie Schuckers, PhD, Larry Hornak, PhD, Tim Norman, PhD, Reza Derakhshani,Sujan Parthasaradhi
    Issues for Liveness Detection in Biometrics
  21. T. Prout
    False match blow for iris scan vendor, Biometric Technology Today, Nov/Dec 2002, p. 1-2.
  22. Zeno Geradts, Arnout Ruifrok,
    Extracting forensic evidence from biometric devices
  23. M. Lockie,
    Spoofing claims sting industry, Biometric Technology Today, June 2002, p.1-12
  24. Iris Recognition
    Counterfeit and Countermeasures
  25. Wieslaw Bicz, OPTEL 02.12.2003
    The Impossibility of Faking Optel's Ultrasonic Fingerprint Scanners 
    (Features: Inherent "Liveness" Detection & Holographic Imaging)
  26. Lisa Thalheim Jan Krissler
    Biometric pages (mostly in German)
  27. A Multispectral Sensor for Fingerprint Spoof Detection (Lumidigm)
  28. Liveness Detection in Biometric Systems
  29. Aaron Ligon (Siemens)
    An Investigation Into the Vulnerability of the Siemens ID Mouse Professional Version 4
  30. Manfred Bromba
    Biometrie und Sicherheit (in German) Siemens AG - Bereich ICM Biometrics
  31. R. Derakhshani, S. Schuckers, L. Hornak, L. O’Gorman
    Determination of Vitality From A Non Invasive Biomedical Measurement for Use in Fingerprint Scanners” Pattern Recognition, vol. 17, no. 2, 2003.
  32. Andy Adler
    Can sample images be regenerated from biometric templates?
  33. Liveness Detection in Fingerprint Recognition Systems Examensarbete utfort i Informationsteori
    vid Linkopings tekniska hogskola av Marie Sandstrom Reg nr: LITH-ISY-EX-3557-2004
    Linkoping 2004
  34. BBC NEWS | Asia-Pacific | Malaysia car thieves steal finger
  35. The Biomedical Signal Analysis Laboratory, joint at Clarkson University and West Virginia University, Research with the goal: "Liveness detection in biometric devices"
  36. Chaos Computer Club - Wie können Fingerabdrücke nachgebildet werden?
  37. Tsutomu Matsumoto: Gummy Finger and Paper Iris: An Update
  38. PC World - Products for the Paranoid 
  39. Kristin A. Nixon, Robert K. Rowe , Multispectral fingerprint imaging for spoof detection, Proc. SPIE Vol. 5779, p. 214-225, Biometric Technology for Human Identification II; Anil K. Jain, Nalini K. Ratha; Eds
  40. Antti Stén, Antti Kaseva, Teemupekka Virtanen - Fooling Fingerprint Scanners - Biometric Vulnerabilities of the Precise Biometrics 100 SC Scanner
  41. The Center for Unified Biometrics and Sensors (CUBS) University of Buffalo - Liveness detection (Project)
  42. R.T. Katen, & S.J. Elliott, Ph. D: A Statistical Analysis of Image Quality on Live, Generated, and Fake Fingers
  43. A. Ross, J. Shah, and A. K. Jain, "Towards Reconstructing Fingerprints from Minutiae Points", Proc. of SPIE Conference on Biometric Technology for Human Identification II, (Orlando, USA), pp. 68-80, March 2005.
  44. D. Baldisserra, A. Franco, D. Maio and D. Maltoni, "Fake Fingerprint Detection by Odor Analysis", to appear on proceedings International Conference on Biometric Authentication (ICBA06), Hong Kong, January 2006.
  45. A. Antonelli, R. Cappelli, D. Maio and D. Maltoni, "A new approach to fake finger detection based on skin distortion", to appear on proceedings International Conference on Biometric Authentication (ICBA06), Hong Kong, January 2006.
  46. Biometric Movies
  47. Attacks on Biometric Systems: A Case Study in Fingerprints Umut Uludag*, Anil K. Jain* Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA 48824
  48. Twins crack face recognition puzzle
  49. Can face recognition keep airports safe?
  50. Valorie Valencia, Chapter 8, "Biometric Liveness Testing," in Biometrics, editors: John D. Woodward, Jr., Nicholas M. Orlans, Peter T. Higgins, Osborne McGraw Hill, New York, 2002.
  51. PTB Human verification by heart beat signals
  52. L Biel, O Pettersson, L Philipson, P Wide, "ECG analysis: A new approach in human identification," IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, v 50, n 3, June , 2001, p 808-812.
  53. D Osten, HM Carim, MR Arneson, BL Blan, "Biometric, Personal Authentication System", Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, US Patent #5,719,950, February 17, 1998.
  54. P Lapsley, JA Less, DF Pare, Jr., N Hoffman, "Anti-Fraud Biometric Sensor that Accurately Detects Blood Flow", SmartTouch, LLC, US Patent #5,737,439, April 7, 1998
  55. Kallo, I Kiss, A Podmaniczky, J Talosi, "Detector for recognizing the living character of a finger in a fingerprint recognizing apparatus", Dermo Corporation, Ltd. US Patent #6,175,64, January 16,2001. 
  56. CC Broun, X Zhang, RM Mersereau and MA Clements, "Automatic Speechreading with Application to Speaker Verification," Proceedings of ICASSP, May 13-17 2002, Orlando, FL, p I/685-I/688.

I am trying to keep this page as comprehensive as possible - If somebody has information about links or papers, that I haven't found, please contact me, I will add this information to this page. If somebody has additional comments, I am very interested in receiving them.


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